EMDR – Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing

EMDR is a highly effective treatment of traumatic experiences, both “big T” traumas as well as “little t” traumas. Traumatic incidents are frequently stored differently in the brain than non-traumatic experiences. The emotions, thoughts and sensory perceptions which were appropriate at the time of the trauma can be triggered throughout the person’s life at times when trauma is not present. This can cause severe symptoms (flashbacks or panic attacks, for example) or less severe, but still very damaging symptoms. These less severe symptoms frequently:

  • Cause people to experience distressing emotions which appear to themselves, and perhaps to others, to be excessive given the current situation.
  • Cause people to be highly reactive to certain trigger events.
  • Cause people to maintain dysfunctional beliefs about themselves despite “knowing” on an intellectual level that the beliefs are not true.

EMDR Graphic

EMDR assists clients in reprocessing traumatic incidents so they can be stored more functionally in the memory as solely a memory. EMDR also assists clients in uncovering the beliefs that developed as the result of the traumatic incidents, and helps them to remove these negative beliefs, and replace them with positive, adaptive beliefs about themselves.

The EMDR process begins in a similar manner to other psychotherapy techniques. After the therapist gathers some history and information about the client, the client highlights which memories they would like to target for the EMDR work. The therapist assists the client in uncovering negative beliefs which developed from those memories, and in determining what positive beliefs the client would prefer to hold. The therapist also assists the client in reaching back in time for other possible memories which support the negative beliefs.

Once the preparatory work is done, the client is assisted in recalling the memories while watching a light bar move back and forth. If the client is uncomfortable with the eye movements, the therapist can use sound or a tapping device to bilaterally stimulate the brain. The sets of bilateral stimulation of the brain are continued until the memory becomes less disturbing and the client feels more secure in positive thoughts and beliefs about themselves; for example, “I did the best I could.”

EMDR Graphic 2

EMDR has in common with many other trauma treatment techniques the use of “dual focus,” where the client remembers the upsetting event while also being aware that they are in a safe environment, in the present moment. Further, the eye movements mimic the period of sleep referred to as “REM” sleep or “rapid eye movement.” This portion of sleep is frequently considered to be the time when the mind processes the recent events in the person’s life.

EMDR has been extensively researched and developed, and studies consistently show that EMDR effectively decreases or eliminates the symptoms of post traumatic stress disorder for the majority of clients. EMDR is also used in the treatment of numerous other conditions, including: panic attacks; grief; dissociative disorders; phobias; eating disorders; performance anxiety; addictions; and stress reduction.

For more information, please click on this link: EMDR International Association

How Does EMDR Work?

Traumatic Memory Processing: How to Dive Into It to Get Over It